Orchards of Power: The Importance of Words Well Spoken in Twelfth-Century Occitania
Cover Image of 'Interfaces,' Issue #6: Merete Barker, 'From Another World,' 2014, acrylic on canvas, 195 x 300 cm – By kind permission of the Artist – www.meretebarker.com
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Keywords

Occitan
Latin
diglossia
triglossia
courtly culture

How to Cite

RüdigerJ. (2020). Orchards of Power: The Importance of Words Well Spoken in Twelfth-Century Occitania. Interfaces: A Journal of Medieval European Literatures, (6). https://doi.org/10.13130/interfaces-06-04

Abstract

Occitan, now a regional language of France, has long been recognized as one of the most important vernaculars of the Medieval West – both for being the language of the troubadours and for being the first Romance (or Neo-Latin) language to develop a fully-fledged scripta. This article argues that unlike other regions, twelfth-century Occitania had not diglossia (learned Latin/vernacular) but triglossia. A courtly sociolect, written and spoken, vied with and even outdid Latin in large sectors of cultural production. Under particular circumstances, courtly culture, including courtly love, developed into a political and economic code whose relevance went far beyond the stylization of elite sociability with which French or German courtliness is often associated. The political culture which developed in Languedoc was one of the factors why the Albigensian Crusade (1209–29) was an
unusually violent and consequential period of warfare.

https://doi.org/10.13130/interfaces-06-04
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Copyright (c) 2019 Jan Rüdiger