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Author Guidelines

HAF publishes high quality original papers, reviews and short communications on animal health, nutrition, animal science and production, and food safety.


  • The corresponding author must to be registered in the system as an Author, make the login and following the on-line submit procedure of our Manuscript Submission System (electronic submission),
  • Prepare the manuscript following the instructions described below,
  • Read and accept our Copyright and Competing Interest Policies.



Manuscripts must be written in English.

Prepare your manuscript as a single Microsoft Word document. Pages should be in A4 format and numbered. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

All the characters in the text, tables, figure legends, footnotes and references must be in a single typeface and point size (12 pt Times New Roman). Lines should be left numbered in continuum, double-spaced and without interruption of page.

A cover letter should be provided and addressed to the Editor-chief. It should declare that:

  1. all authors have directly participated to the study;
  2. all authors have read and approved the final version submitted;
  3. the contents have not been copyrighted or published previously, are not now under consideration for publication elsewhere and will not be copyrighted, submitted, or published elsewhere, while acceptance by HAF is under consideration;

Furthermore, if applicable, a statement of the ethical approval and a list of potential reviewers should be included.


The file should include the title page, the abstract/keywords page, main text, references, tables and figures.

Title page (first page)

The title page should include:

  • The title, concise and informative, should be in bold face type, with capital and lower case letters.
  • The name(s) of the author(s).  The names of the authors (with full first name and initial letter of the middle name, if present) should be under the title, with capital and lower case letters.
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s). The current affiliations of the authors should appear  below the authors’ names and should be referred to with numeric footnotes.
  • The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.

Abstract (second page)

Please provide an abstract of 200 to 300 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references should summarise pertinent results in a brief but understandable form.

Key words (second page)

After the abstract please provide a list up to six keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. The first letter of each key word is capitalized and key words are separated by commas.

Main text (other pages)

The main  texts should be divided into following sections: introduction, material and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, acknowledgment (if necessary), references, tables.

Introduction: The introduction section must be a brief background and it is not necessary to include all of the literature. The aim of the study should be described at the end of the section. It should not contain either authors' result and conclusion.

Materials and Methods: Material studied, area descriptions, methods, techniques ahould be described. Experimental methods should be concise but sufficient for repetition by other qualified investigators. Procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail, but merely cited with appropriate references. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions. The sources of special chemicals, equipments or preparations should be given along with their company name and country.

We encourage that the ethical guidelines of animal welfare committee should be cited.

Units of measurements should be those recommended by the International Committee for the Standardization of Units of Measurements. For numbers less than one use zero to the left of the decimal, e.g. 0.23. Do not use commas for four digit numbers, e.g. 9000, and use commas for numbers with more than four digits, e.g. 90,000. Do not use a hyphen when indicating the range, but use "to".

Results: This part should be included a concise textual description of the data presented in the text, in tables and figures. Repetition of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The results should not included materials appropriate to the discussion.

Discussion: In this section, the data should be interpreted concisely without repeating material already presented in the results section. It should be considered the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction. This may include an evaluation of the methodology and of the relationship of new information to the knowledge in that field.

ConclusionsThe main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


All person who have made a contribution and who endorse the data and conclusions may be included.


The references section must include all relevant published works, and all listed references must be cited in the text. Arrange the references section in alphabetical order by the first author's surname. Use capital and lower case letters for authors’ names. If all authors are identical for two or more citations, chronological order of publication should dictate the order of citations. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2013a, 2013b, etc.

Journal titles mentioned in the reference list should not be abbreviated. In case, do it according to the following websites (sequenced by relevance): ISI Journal Abbreviations Index.

The Journal follows the “author, year” style of citation. When a citation has one or two authors, cite the reference throughout using the name(s) and the date. When a citation has more than three authors, cite the reference throughout the text with et al. (in italics) following the last name of the first author. References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically.

For example: Kai, Y.,H., Su, H.M., Tai, K.,T., Chi, S.C., 2009. Vaccination of grouper broodfish (Epinephelus tukula) reduces the risk of vertical transmission by nervous necrosis virus. Vaccine. 23, 100-110.

Figures and tables

Figures and tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.

Tables should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order. For each table supply a caption explaining the components of the table.

The figures, for the review process, must be included in the manuscript.



Preliminary accounts of work, short clinical reports and significant case reports for publication as short communications should follow a similar format to papers but should exclude a summary. The text should not exceed 1000 words and only one or two figures and/or tables should be included. The word count excludes the title, author details, abstract, tables, figure legends, acknowledgements and references.



Scientific reviews are commissioned, but submitted manuscripts will also be considered. If submitting an unsolicited manuscript, please state in the covering letter that it is a review article. Typically, we would expect articles to be around 3000 words, excluding references.


Privacy Statement

HAF is dedicated to protecting personal information and will make every reasonable effort to handle collected information appropriately. We will treat information about readers and authors as private and confidential, and we will not disclose any data to third parties without an express permission or unless required by law.