Narrating Conspiracy Theories: A Paradoxical Ethics of Otherness, Propaganda and Mistrust



Parole chiave:

Untruthfulness, Troubled Society, Conspiracy Discourse, Fictionality, Escapism


Reflecting conspiracy theories in contemporary fiction actualises conspiratorial thinking as a specific sociocultural phenomenon and narrative. Four symptomatic novels – George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, Ahmed Khaled Towfik’s Utopia, and Stephen King’s The Institute – have been analysed from a conspiratorial perspective to illuminate the most efficient ways of shaping the human perception of reality. For this purpose, the following conspiracy elements have been delineated to be the basis of the novels’ poetics: otherness, propaganda, and mistrust. They affect the authors’ strategies of storytelling in the books written in the era of the end of truth. Following an interdisciplinary approach that primarily includes the method of narrative construction and semiotic analysis, the article focuses on the conspiracy elements for plotting the selected novels and explicates conspiracy narratives for manifesting the paradoxical ethics of truth as fiction. Conceptualising this idea in the sociocultural context confers to such a kind of literature a new ethical dimension.

Biografie autore

Oksana Bohovyk, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies

Oksana Bohovyk, PhD, Assistant Professor, Philology and Translation Department, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies, Dnipro, Ukraine. Research interests focus on English and Ukrainian literature, discourse and dialogue, corpus linguistics, and gender studies. She also works in the fields of cognitive linguistics, bilingual cognition, linguistic and cultural relativity, critical reading, and sociolinguistics.

Andrii Bezrukov, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies

Andrii Bezrukov, PhD, Associate Professor, Philology and Translation Department, Ukrainian State University of Science and Technologies, Dnipro, Ukraine. Research interests focus on English and Ukrainian literature, comparative literature studies, literary process review, postmodern metafiction, migrant literature, and gender studies. He also works in the fields of literary theory, foreign literature studies, cultural linguistics, and teaching translation techniques.

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Come citare

Bohovyk, O., & Bezrukov, A. (2024). Narrating Conspiracy Theories: A Paradoxical Ethics of Otherness, Propaganda and Mistrust. ENTHYMEMA, (34), 164–179.



Ricevuto 2022-08-14
Accettato 2024-03-01
Pubblicato 2024-03-02