Praga crocevia fra cultura slava, tedesca, ebraica / Prague crossroad of Slavic, German, and Hebrew Culture (1918-1939)

The Prague Linguistic Circle and Dialectics

Ondřej Sládek

Abstract


The study deals with dialectics in the context of the Prague Linguistic Circle, particularly in the context of Jan Mukařovský’s thinking. The essay presents 1) main sources of Mukařovský’s dialectics, and outlines 2) Mukařovský’s dialectical method. The notion of dialectics appears in Mukařovský’s scholarly work in a set of connections. He applied dialectics as a method, manner or form of rationality. It served as a means of gaining knowledge about the world, specific phenomena and objects, their essence, interconnectedness as well as development. Mukařovský also used it as a procedure for resolving contradictions (antinomies) that he encountered in his scientific explorations and in ordinary practical activities. He understood dialectical thinking as dynamic, open, and pluralist thinking striving to reflect reality as a constant process. Gradual coming together of dialectics and materialism, evident in Mukařovský’s scholarly works from the mid-1930s, resulted, ten years later, in a public adoption of dialectical materialism.

Parole chiave

The Prague Linguistic Circle; Jan Mukařovský; Structuralism; Structural Poetics; Dialectics

Full Text

PDF (English)


DOI: https://doi.org/10.13130/2037-2426/9428

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunimi-22068

Riferimenti bibliografici


Engels, Frederick. Dialectics of Nature. 1883. Transl. Clemens Dutt. Moscow: Foreign Language Publishing House, 1954. Print.

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, Phenomenology of Spirit. 1807. Transl. A. V. Miller. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977. Print.

---. Science of Logic. 1912–1916. Transl. George di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich. Lenin Collected Works. Vol. 38. Philosophical Notebooks. 1895–1916. Translated by Clemence Dutt. Moscow: Progress Publishers 1976. Print.

---. “Conspectus of Hegel’s book The Science of Logic”. Lenin Collected Works. Vol. 38. Philosophical Notebooks. 1895–1916. Transl. Clemence Dutt. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1976. 85-237. Print

---. “Plan of Hegel’s Dialectics (Logic). Contents of the Small Logic (Encyclopaedia)”. Lenin Collected Works. Vol. 38. Philosophical Notebooks. 1895–1916. Transl. Clemence Dutt. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1976. 315-318. Print.

Mukařovský, Jan. “J. Polákova Vznešenost přírody. Pokus o rozbor a vývojové zařazeníbásnické struktury.”[Polák’s Sublimity of Nature: An attempt at an Analysis and Developmental Classification of a Poetic Structure]. Sborník filologický 10, 1 (1934): 1−68. Print.

---. “A Note on the Czech Translation of Šklovskij’s Theory of Prose.” The Word and Verbal Art. Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven – London: Yale University Press, 1977. 134-142. Print.

---. “Poznámky k sociologii básnického jazyka.” [Notes on the Sociology of Poetic Language]. Slovo a slovesnost 1, 1 (1935): 29-38. Print.

---. Kapitoly z české poetiky I–III. [Chapters in Czech Poetics]. Praha: Svoboda, 1948. Print.

---. “Kam směřuje dnešní teorie umění?” [What is the Direction of Current Theory of Art?].Slovo a slovesnost 11, 2 (1948): 49-59. Print.

---. “K pojmosloví československé teorie umění.” [On the Conceptual Basis of the Czechoslovakian Theory of Art.]. 1947. Studie z estetiky. Ed. Květoslav Chvatík. Praha: Odeon, 1966. 117-124. Print.

---. Aesthetic Function, Norm and Value as Social Facts. 1936. Transl. Mark E. Suino. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1970. Print.

---. “On Structuralism.” 1946. Structure, Sign, and Function. Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl. and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978a. 3-16. Print.

---. “The Concept of the Whole in the Theory of Art.” 1945. Structure, Sign, and Function. Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl. and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978. 70-81. Print.

---. “Art as a Semiotic Fact.”1934/1936. Structure, Sign, and Function. Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl. and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978. 82–88. Print.

---. “Dialectic Contradictions in Modern Art.” 1935. Structure, Sign, and Function. Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl. and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978. 129-149. Print.

---. “O dialektickém přístupu k umění a ke skutečnosti. Rozhovor s akademikem Janem Mukařovským.” [On Dialectical Approach to Art and Reality: An Interview with the Scholar Jan Mukařovský] 1971. Studie z poetiky. Ed. Hana Mukařovská. Praha: Odeon, 1982. 787-797. Print.

Sládek, Ondřej. Jan Mukařovský. Život a dílo. [Jan Mukařovský. Life and Works.]. Brno: Host, 2015. Print.

---. “Mukařovský’s Structuralism and Semiotics”, Estetika. The Central European Journal of Aesthetics LIII (New Series IX.), 2 (2016): 184-199. Print.

Steiner, Peter. “Jan Mukařovský’s Structural Aesthetics.” J. Mukařovský. Structure, Sign and Function: Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský. Transl. and eds. John Burbank and Peter Steiner. New Haven – London: Yale University Press,1978. ix‒xxxix. Print.

---. Russian Formalism: A Metapoetics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984. Print.

Toman, Jindřich. The Magic of Common Language: Jakobson, Mathesius, Trubetzkoy and the Prague Linguistic Circle. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1995. Print.

Vachek, Josef. Praguiana: Some Basic and Less Known Aspects of the Prague Linguistic School: An Anthology of Prague School Papers. Praha: Academia, 1983. Print.

Veltruský, Jiří. “Jan Mukařovský’s Structural Poetics and Esthetics.” Poetics Today 2, 1b (1980/1981):117-157. Print.

Zima, Peter V. (ed.). Semiotics and Dialectics. Ideology and the Text. Amsterdam: John Benjamins B. V., 1981. Print.


Metriche dell'articolo

Caricamento metriche ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.







ISSN 2037-2426

Enthymema è una rivista italiana di Classe A per l'area 10, indicizzata in Scopus e Web of Science.

Creative Commons License

Except where otherwise noted, the content of this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

Logo by Mauro Sullam