University ranking methodologies. An interview with Ben Sowter about the Quacquarelli Symonds World University Ranking
Keywords:University Rankings, QS,
AbstractUniversity rankings represent a controversial issue in the debate about higher education policy. One of the best known university ranking is the Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings (QS), published annually since 2004 by Quacquarelli Symonds ltd, a company founded in 1990 and headquartered in London. QS provides a ranking based on a score calculated by weighting six different indicators. The 2015 edition, published in October 2015, introduced major methodological innovations and, as a consequence, many universities worldwide underwent major changes of their scores and ranks. Ben Sowter, head of division of intelligence unit of Quacquarelli Symonds, responds to 15 questions about the new QS methodology.
Billaut, Jean-Charles., Bouyssou, Denis, & Vincke, Philippe (2010). 'Should you believe in the Shanghai ranking?' Scientometrics, 84(1), 237-263.
Docampo, Domingo (2011). 'On using the Shanghai ranking to assess the research performance of university systems.' Scientometrics, 86(1), 77-92.
Freyer, Leo (2014). ‘Robust rankings: Review of multivariate assessments illustrated by the Shanghai rankings.’ Scientometrics, 100(2), 391-406.
Hazelkorn, Ellen (2011). Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education. The Battle for World-class Excellence. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Jovanovic, Milica, Jeremic, Veljko, Savic, Gordana, Bulajic, Milica, Martic, Milan (2012). ‘How does the normalization of data affect the ARWU ranking?’ Scientometrics, 93(2), 319-327.
O'Connell, Catherine (2013). ‘Research discourses surrounding global university rankings: Exploring the relationship with policy and practice recommendations.’ Higher Education, 65(6), 709-723.
Paruolo, Paolo, Saisana, Michaela, Saltelli, Andrea (2013). ‘Ratings and rankings: Voodoo or science?’Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A: Statistics in Society, 176(3), 609-634.
Rauhvargers, Andrejs (2011). University Rankings and Their Impact. Brussels: European University Association.
Rauhvargers, Aandrejs (2013). Global University Rankings and Their Impact. Report II. Brussels: European University Association.
Safón, Vicente (2013). ‘What do global university rankings really measure? The search for the X factor and the X entity.’ Scientometrics, 97(2), 223-244.
Taylor, Michael, Perakakis, Pandelis, Trachana, Varvara, Gialis, Stelios (2013). ‘Rankings are the sorcerer's new apprentice.’ Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, 13(2), 73-99.
van Raan, Anthony F. J. (2005). ‘Fatal attraction: Conceptual and methodological problems in the ranking of universities by bibliometric methods.’ Scientometrics, 62, 133-143.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).