“Mediating” modern-day slavery across the Mediterranean: A linguistic investigation of news discourse

Autori

  • Maria Cristina Nisco Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/11323

Parole chiave:

slavery, migration, Mediterranean, news discourse

Abstract

Ever since the regime of Gaddafi collapsed in 2011, Libya has become the main gateway for people attempting to reach Europe by sea and the focal point of smuggling networks. While such humanitarian crisis is well-documented, the International Organization for Migration reported the existence of slave markets in Tripoli where Africans were sold in the open. This trade was largely still undocumented, until the CNN released a video showing migrants being sold by an auctioneer for the equivalent of $400. International news agencies and networks gave extensive coverage to the event, depicting Tripoli as the city of modern-day slave markets. This paper analyses the reporting following the release of the CNN footage, comparing and contrasting the media construal of the phenomenon from a ‘Southern’ and ‘Northern’ perspective metaphorically standing for the two shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It, therefore, takes into account a corpus of news reports published by Al-Jazeera, Al-Araby, Middle East Eye, on the one hand, and BBC, Reuters and EuroNews, on the other, over a time-span ranging from November (when the video was released) to December 2017. Such news networks were chosen since the former are the main English-language, independent sources of news concerning the Arab world, while the latter are the principal English-language media outlets in Europe. Examination of the texts comprised in the corpus is meant to uncover not only the differences and similarities in the linguistic construal of the event, but is also deemed to offer a lens to frame the power-relations embedded in the spatial and symbolic opposition between Libya and the European countries, thus highlighting how different geo-political actors are discursively portrayed.

Biografia autore

Maria Cristina Nisco, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope"

Maria Cristina Nisco, PhD in English for Special Purposes, is a Senior Lecturer in English Language and Translation Studies at the University of Naples “Parthenope”, where she is also a Board member of the international PhD programme in “Euro-languages and Specialized Terminologies”. Her current research areas include identity and diversity (ethnicity, gender, disability) in news and legal discourse, through the lens offered by CDA and corpus linguistics. She has published extensively in edited volumes and refereed journals on the linguistic construal of ethnic diversity, migration, gender diversity and disability. Her publications include Agency in the British Press: A Corpus-based Discourse Analysis of the 2011 UK Riots (2016), Languaging Diversity (co-edited with G. Balirano, 2015), and Language, Theory, and Society (co-edited with G. Balirano, 2015). She is also the co-editor in chief of the international peer-reviewed I-LanD Journal.

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Pubblicato

2019-02-27

Come citare

Nisco, Maria Cristina. 2019. «“Mediating” Modern-Day Slavery across the Mediterranean: A Linguistic Investigation of News Discourse». Altre Modernità, febbraio, 31-48. https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/11323.