La riscrittura del testo da specialistico a divulgativo

Autori

  • Maurizio Gotti

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/2468

Parole chiave:

popularisation, translation, recontextualisation, mass media communication

Abstract

The paper first focuses on the construct of popularisation and its various interpretations in the past few decades and briefly reviews the main studies that have been devoted to the analysis of the discourse of popularisation tracing the main conceptual changes and methodological evolutions.
The paper then discusses different views concerning the analysis of the popularising process, starting from the approach which compares it to that of translation. Relevant exemplifications are presented from a case study concerning the ‘translation’ of legal concepts for the lay public in a jury trial.
The following approach taken into consideration is the viewing of popularisation as recontextualisation, which implies a process of adaptation of popularising discourse to the appropriateness conditions of the new communicative events and to the constraints of the media employed. Indeed, this new communicative approach generally involves a transformation of the original discourse, as the knowledge to be disseminated is recreated in a different communicative situation for the lay audience. Relevant exemplifications are provided from a case study regarding the explanation of health risks in teen magazines.
The paper subsequently highlights the social importance acquired by the phenomenon of popularisation, with the mass media no longer seen as passive mediators of scientific knowledge, but as active participants in the production of novel information and new opinions about science and scientists. Rather than ‘explaining’ science, this new type of popularisation sets out to explain the social meaning of such events, with the consequent creation of interdiscursive texts mixing informative and explanatory discourse with other scientifically-unrelated matters of more general public concern. In this process of interdiscursive expression, the recontextualisation of scientific knowledge may run the risk of deviation and utilization for other ends. In the discussion of this issue, examples are given about the ‘neutrality’ of the presentation of medical facts in consumer information leaflets and patient explanatory material.
The final part of the paper highlights the need for the adoption of an integrated approach in the analysis of popularising discourse, so as to clearly identify and carefully describe all the aspects involved in this process.

Biografia autore

Maurizio Gotti

Maurizio Gotti is Professor of English Language and Translation at the University of Bergamo. His main research areas are English syntax – English Diachronic Syntax (ed.) Guerini 1993; Variation in Central Modals (co-author) Peter Lang 2002, English Historical Linguistics 2006 (3 vols, co-ed.) Benjamins 2008, Socially-Conditioned Language Change: Diachronic and Synchronic Insights (co-ed.) Edizioni del Grifo 2008
- English lexicology and lexicography (The Language of Thieves and Vagabonds, Niemeyer 1999) and the features and origins of specialized discourse, both in a synchronic and diachronic perspective (Robert Boyle and the Language of Science, Guerini 1996; Specialized Discourse: Linguistic Features and Changing Conventions, Peter Lang 2003, Investigating Specialized Discourse, Peter Lang 32011). He is a member of the Editorial Board of national and international journals, and edits the Linguistic Insights series for Peter Lang.

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Pubblicato

2012-10-28

Come citare

Gotti, Maurizio. 2012. «La Riscrittura Del Testo Da Specialistico a Divulgativo». Altre Modernità, ottobre, 145-59. https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/2468.

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Saggi Ensayos Essais Essays