Orrore e meraviglia: la narrazione autobiografica di Othello in Desdemona di Toni Morrison

Autori

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/9787

Parole chiave:

Othello, Toni Morrison, Desdemona, autobiografia afroamericana, scrittura di viaggio

Abstract

Toni Morrison's Desdemona (2011) is a theatrical adaptation of William Shakespeare's Othello that illuminates issues of race, gender and cultural hybridity from a peculiar African American perspective. This paper aims to investigate the ways in which Morrison's play draws on both early modern travel writing and African American autobiography in order to challenge prescriptive notions of blackness and whiteness. Morrison draws on a quintessentially African American literary genre and subverts its main rhetorical strategy – that is, sentimentalism – by injecting in it themes and tropes of early colonial discourse. She explores Othello's desire to partake in this discourse and to comply with its rhetorical rules in order to highlight slavery's power to fatally corrupt not only the morals of the slaveholders, but also those of the ex-slaves. The image Morrison gives of Othello contrasts either with the stereotypical noble savage or with the self-reliant slave who righteously triumphs over his morally reproachful master. In Desdemona, Othello is a pitiless soldier dominated by brutal instincts, who perpetrates atrocities, exactly as – and together with – his white comrades. The mutual pleasure that results from their shared crimes proves that, contrary to what happens in traditional African American autobiography, Othello's transition from slave to 'man', from servitude to 'freedom', is a controversial process that brings about misuse of power and a dangerous adherence to the degrading colonial logic of tyranny and possession. Morrison's reversal of sentimentalism compels readers and spectators to reject conventional binary oppositions such as black/white, good/evil, and victim/torturer.

Biografia autore

Valentina Rapetti, Università degli Studi di Roma Tre

Valentina Rapetti dottoranda presso il Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Culture Straniere dell'Università degli Studi Roma Tre, dove lavora a una tesi su due adattamenti teatrali di Othello in area nordamericana: Harlem Duet (1997) di Djanet Sears e Desdemona (2012) di Toni Morrison. La sua ricerca si muove nell'ambito della drammaturgia anglofona contemporanea. Tra gli autori tradotti: Marina Carr (Gremese, 2010; Editoria&Spettacolo, 2011) e Morris Panych (Gremese, 2010). Nel 2013 ha vinto il Premio DARTS per una nuova drammaturgia con la traduzione di East of Berlin (A est di Berlino) di Hannah Moscovitch.

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Pubblicato

2018-02-28

Come citare

Rapetti, Valentina. 2018. «Orrore E Meraviglia: La Narrazione Autobiografica Di Othello in Desdemona Di Toni Morrison». Altre Modernità, febbraio, 212-33. https://doi.org/10.13130/2035-7680/9787.

Fascicolo

Sezione

Saggi Ensayos Essais Essays