Articles

Effect of dietary natural extracts mixture on rabbit does reproductive performances: preliminary data.

Sara Chiapparini, Francesco Vizzarri, Carlo Corino, Raffaella Rossi, Giuseppe Maiorano

Abstract


In the recent years, research has focused the attention on the use of substances able to improve both animal health and meat quality. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with natural extracts in rabbit does on reproductive parameters. Natural extracts have been widely reported to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobic activities related especially to their phenolic content (Pereira et al., 2009). In rabbit production, does are normally inseminated 11 days after parturition, with kits being weaned at 35 days (Rebollar et al., 2006). The reproductive phase is a critical period because the animals have few days to reconstitute their body reserves (Castellini et al., 2003).  Therefore, the interaction between nutrition and reproduction is crucial in this specie (Butler, 2000; Roche et al., 2000). The trial was performed at the Research Institute for animal production in Nitra (Slovak Republic). Sixty does were randomly selected, artificially inseminated and divided into three experimental groups. The first fed a basal diet (C), the second one (T1) received 0.3% of natural extracts mixture and the third one (T2) an integration of 0.6% of natural extracts mixture for gestation and lactation period (65 days) The animals were allocated in individual flat-deck cages with a closeable nest box. At parturition, the total number of kits born and stillborn and litters weights were recorded. The data were analyzed by one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) using SPSS (IBM.-SSPS Statistics 24). Dietary supplementation did not affect (P>0.05) number of kids born (8.0 ± 1.0 C vs 7.3 ± 0.97 T1 and 7.4 ± 1.0 T2) and birth weight (63 ± 2.0 g C vs 60.1 ± 2.3 g T1 and 61.0 ± 2.4 g T2).  The administration of natural extract in does did not improve (P>0.05) the kits average daily gain (20.54 ± 1.3 g/d C vs 21.92 ± 0.5 g/d T1 and 20.93 ± 0.9 g/d T2) and body weight at weaning (829 ± 16.6 g C vs 834 ± 26.6 g T1 and 826 ± 26.8 g T2). These preliminary data showed that at the present dosage, the natural extracts mixture is not able to affect does reproductive performance. However, further research is needed to confirm the present data and explore the mechanism of action of this natural mixture.


Keywords

Dietary supplementation, Natural extracts, Nutrition, Rabbit does, Reproduction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13130/2283-3927/8365

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunimi-21193

References


Butler, W.,R., 2000. Nutritional interactions with reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Animal Reproduction Science. 60-61, 449-457.

Castellini, C., Dal Bosco, A., Mugnai, C., 2003. Comparison of different reproduction protocols for rabbit does: effect of litter size and mating interval. Livestock and Production Science. 83, 131-139.

Pereira, D.,M., Valentão, P., Pereira, J.,A., Andrade, P.,B., 2003.

Phenolics: from chemistry to biology. Molecules. 14, 2202-2211.

Rebollar, P.,G., Milan´esa, A., Peredaa, N., Mill´anb P., Canoc, P., Esquifinoc, A.,I., Villarroela, M., Silv´anb, G., Lorenz, P.,L., 2006. Oestrus synchronisation of rabbit does at early post-partum by doe–litter separation or ECG injection: Reproductive parameters and endocrine profiles. Animal Reproduction Science 93, 218-230.

Roche, J.,F., Mackey, D., Diskin, M.,D., 2000. Reproductive management of postpartum cows. Animal Reproductive Science. 60-61, 703-712.


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