Flow cytometry for feline lymphoma: a retrospective study about pre-analytical factors possibly affecting the quality of samples
Introduction Flow cytometry (FC) is an increasingly required technique on which veterinary oncologists rely to have an accurate, fast, minimally invasive lymphoma or leukemia diagnosis. FC has been studied and applied with great results in canine oncology, whereas in feline oncology the use of this technique is still to be experienced. This is mainly due to a supposed discomfort in sampling, because of the high prevalence of intra-abdominal lymphomas. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether any pre-analytical factor might affect the quality of suspected feline lymphoma samples for FC analysis.
Methods 97 consecutive samples of suspected feline lymphoma were retrospectively selected from the authors’ institution FC database. The referring veterinarians were recalled and interrogated about several different variables, including signalling, features of the lesion, features of the sampling procedure and the experience of veterinarians performing the sampling. Statistical analyses were performed to assess the possible influence of these variables on the cellularity of the samples and the likelihood of being finally processed for FC.
Results None of the investigated variables significantly influenced the quality of the submitted samples, but the needle size, with 21G needles providing the highest cellularity (Table 1). Notably, the samples quality did not vary between peripheral and intra-abdominal lesions. Sample cellularity alone influenced the likelihood of being processed. About a half of the cats required pharmacological restraint. Side effects were reported in one case only (transient swelling after peripheral lymph node sampling).
Conclusions FC can be safely applied to cases of suspected feline lymphomas, even for intra-abdominal lesions. 21G needle should be preferred for sampling. This study provides the bases for the spread of this minimally invasive, fast and cost-effective technique in feline medicine.
Burkhard MJ, Bienzle D, 2013. Making sense of lymphoma diagnostics in small animal patients. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 43(6):1331-47, vii;
Comazzi S, Gelain ME, 2011. Use of flow cytometric immunophenotyping to refine the cytological diagnosis of canine lymphoma. Veterinary Journal. 188(2):149-55. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2010.03.011. Review;
Guzera M et al., 2014. The use of flow cytometry for immunophenotyping lymphoproliferative disorders in cats: a retrospective study of 19 cases. Veterinary and Comparative Oncology;
Moore PF, Rodriguez-Bertos A, Kass PH, 2012. Feline gastrointestinal lymphoma: mucosal architecture, immunophenotype, and molecular clonality. Veterinary Pathology. 49(4): 658-68.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Noncommercial - No Derivative Works - 3.0 Unported.