AMBER DROPLETS IN THE SOUTHERN ALPS (NE ITALY): A LINK BETWEEN THEIR OCCURRENCES AND MAIN HUMID EPISODES IN THE TRIASSIC

Authors

  • GIUSEPPA FORTE Museum of Nature South Tyrol, Via Bottai 1, 39100, Bozen/Bolzano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9555-7519
  • EVELYN KUSTATSCHER Museum of Nature South Tyrol; Department für Geo- und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie und Geobiologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität; Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0300-0175
  • EUGENIO RAGAZZI Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, Università di Padova, L.go Meneghetti 2, 35131 Padova, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0390-6823
  • GUIDO ROGHI Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, CNR, Via Gradenigo 6, 35131 Padova, Italy.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54103/2039-4942/15381

Abstract

The Anisian amber from the “Voltzia beds” of the Recoaro area, produced by Voltzia recubariensis, represents the most ancient Triassic amber known so far. The discovery of amber in the Anisian localities of Kühwiesenkopf/Monte Prà della Vacca and Piz da Peres, in the Dolomites area, fills a gap in the amber fossil record and gives an important contribution to the knowledge of Triassic amber. The finding of amber droplets, both dispersed in the sediment and anatomically connected to shoot fragments of V. recubariensis, demonstrates that during the Anisian this species was a major resin-producer and that the favorable conditions for the preservation of resin and plant remains were present at regional scale. The contribution of Voltziales to Middle Triassic resin production in Northern Italy is also testified by the Ladinian amber from the “Wengener Schichten” of Wengen/La Valle, produced by Voltzia ladinica, whereas the Late Triassic amber was mainly produced by cheirolepidiaceous conifers. The finding of organic body trapped in the amber of Kühwiesenkopf/Monte Prà dalla Vacca is noteworthy, although difficult to interpret, and shows once again its capability to entrap and preserve witnesses of past life. Moreover, the correspondence between the Triassic amber occurrences and regional/global scale humid shifts, suggests a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the rise of amber production/preservation potential is related to climate/environmental changes, particularly in marginal marine/costal environments.

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Published

2022-01-18

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