THE LATE EARLY PLEISTOCENE HUMAN REMAINS FROM BUIA, DANAKIL DEPRESSION, ERITREA

  • ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI
  • LUCA BONDIOLI
  • MARIO CHECH
  • ALFREDO COPPA
  • IVANA FIORE
  • REZENE RUSSOM
  • FRANCESCO VECCHI
  • YOSIEF LIBSEKAL
  • LORENZO ROOK
Keywords:

Abstract

The Early Pleistocene sedimentary succession of the Dandiero (Buia) Basin (Danakil Depression, Eritrea) has preserved a rich paleontological, paleoanthropological, and archeological record. Fieldwork undertaken between 1995 and 2003 on a site at Uadi Aalad (Abbate et al. 1998) led to the discovery of one-million-year-old human remains. They consist of a cranium in excellent preservation condition (UA-31), two permanent teeth (UA-222 and UA-369), and three pelvic portions (UA-173, UA-405 and UA-466, the latter recovered on 2003). The cranium and the postcranial remains represent a single adult individual, likely of female sex. The cranium evidences a blend of "erectus-like" and progressive morpho-architectural features, the latter more commonly found in the Middle Pleistocene. Preparation and restoration of the specimens (notably, of the virtually complete UA-31 face) were only completed on September 2003. The revision, refinement, and integration of our previous analytical and interpretative work (cf. Abbate et al. 1998; Macchiarelli et al. 2002) is in progress within the context of the paleoanthropological reord currently available for the African Early to Middle Pleistocene.

Author Biographies

ROBERTO MACCHIARELLI
LUCA BONDIOLI
MARIO CHECH
ALFREDO COPPA
IVANA FIORE
REZENE RUSSOM
FRANCESCO VECCHI
YOSIEF LIBSEKAL
LORENZO ROOK
Published
2004-12-31
Section
Articles