NEOGENE EVOLUTION OF AN ARCUATE STRUCTURE IN THE UMBRIA-MARCHE APENNINES

  • FERNANDO CALAMITA
  • GIOVANNI DEIANA
  • ALBERTO PIZZI
Keywords: Umbria-Marche Apennines, Structural Geology, Arcuate structure evolution.

Abstract

The Umbria-Marche Apennines is an arcuate fold and thrust belt, built up during Upper Mio­cene-Pliocene. Folds and thrusts affect at the surface the sedimentary cover. The AA. examine the innermost ridge in the sector between M. Nerone to the north and M. Serano to the south. lt is made up of a dextral en-échelon set of periclines, whose axial trend is NW-SE to the north and N-S (sometimes NNE-SSW) to the south. The en-échelon set of periclines is externally enveloped by a thrust, bent in piane view.
As the basis of the Neogene evolution of the examined structure, the AA. propose two deformation epi­sodes. In the first the development of frontal and oblique blind thrusts (affecting only the Calcare massiccio and Anidriti di Burano formations) are responsible for macrofolds and for their planimetrie distribution. The sec­ond one is due to NE thrusting along a thrust which probably reactivates the blind thrusts. In this moment of thrust the en-échelon set of periclines constitutes the hanging-wall of the thrust.
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