Sulla rivista

Focus e ambito

Rivista di storia della filosofia medievale.
A cura delle cattedre di Storia della filosofia medievale della Università degli studi di Milano.

Processo di Peer Review

Gli editor inviano ai revisori la richiesta di revisione con la proposta allegata all'email. I revisori inviano all'editor la loro accettazione (o rifiuto) e il parere sulla proposta attraverso la pagina della Revisione della proposta, per la registrazione del processo di revisione.

I revisori sono scelti fra o indicati dai componenti del comitato scientifico sulla base delle competenze sui temi dell'articolo da valutare.

Il tempo medio di revisione è di 4 settimane.

Frequenza di pubblicazione

Gli articoli della rivista vengono pubblicati tutti insieme, come parte di un fascicolo con il proprio indice.

Open Access Policy

Questa rivista fornisce accesso aperto e immediato ai suoi contenuti, nel principio che rendere le ricerche disponibili liberamente al pubblico aumenta il livello di scambio globale maggiore di conoscenza. Non sono richieste APC o Submission fees.

Quest'opera è distribuita con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale

Codice etico - Publication ethics

1. Accountability and responsibility for journal content

Journal's editors take responsibility for all works published on Doctor Virtualis. They strive to grant both scientific and editorial quality by double-blind peer review and careful editing. The journal maintains the integrity of the published record and grants long time preservation of all published content by using the LOCKKS system.

2. Editorial independence and integrity

2.1 Independence of editorial decisions from commercial interests

Doctor Virtualis’ editors make their decisions about proposals submitted to the journal and published works on academic merit alone and take full responsibility for their decisions.

Doctor Virtualis embraces an open access policy and has no commercial interest, so the journal’s editorial processes and editors’ decisions are independent of any commercial consideration.

2.2 Editors’ relationship to the journal publisher

Doctor Virtualis’ editors work on a volunteer basis. The journal’s website is hosted by Milan Università degli Studi, a public institution which has a scientific research and teaching mission and does not interfere with Doctor Virtualis editors’ freedom of choice and activities, as long as their work is coherent with the scholarly mission of the journal.

2.3 Journal metrics and decision-making

Doctor Virtualis’ editors do not attempt to influence the journal’s ranking by artificially increasing any journal metric. In particular, they strive to ensure that submitted papers are reviewed on purely scholarly grounds and that authors are not pressured to cite specific publications for non- scholarly reasons.

3. Editorial confidentiality

3.1 Authors’ material

Doctor Virtualis selects papers to be published through double-blind peer review. Peer reviewers are chosen by editors, who strive to protect the confidentiality of authors’ material and remind reviewers to do so as well. Submitted papers are never shared with editors of other journals, unless with the authors’ agreement or in cases of alleged misconduct (see below). Editors do not give any indication of a paper’s status with the

journal to anyone other than the authors. Doctor Virtualis’ web-based submission system prevents unauthorised access. In the case of a misconduct investigation, it may be necessary to disclose material to third parties (e.g., an institutional investigation committee or other editors).

3.2 Reviewers

Doctor Virtualis selects papers to be published through double-blind peer review.

Therefore, reviewers’ identities are always protected, unless an alleged or suspected reviewer’s misconduct compels the journal to disclose the reviewer’s name to a third party.

General editorial policies

4. Encourage maximum transparency and good publishing ethics

Doctor Virtualis aims at granting authors, readers, reviewers, and all other parties involved maximum transparency and complete and honest reporting about its work.

4.1 Authorship and responsibility

All signing authors of works published on Doctor Virtualis take responsibility for the conduct and validity of their research and for what is written in their contributions. Authors acknowledge that all contents are published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international – CC-BY).

Should any authorship dispute arise, it will be resolved at the appropriate institutional level or through other appropriate independent bodies. Doctor Virtualis’ editors will then act on the findings, for example by correcting authorship in published works.

4.2 Conflicts of interest and role of the funding source

Authors are required to declare any relevant financial or non-financial conflict of interest at the moment they submit their papers for publication on Doctor Virtualis. Declarations of conflicting interests are published alongside the paper so that readers are informed about them.

4.3 Authors’ publishing ethics

Doctor Virtualis’ editors work to ensure that all published papers make a substantial new contribution to their field. They discourage ‘salami publications’ (i.e., publication of the minimum publishable unit of research), avoid duplicate or redundant publication unless it is fully declared and acceptable to all (e.g., publication in a different language with cross-referencing), and encourage authors to place their work in the context of previous work (i.e., to state why this work was necessary/done, what this work adds or why a replication of previous work was required, and what readers should take away from it).

5. Responding to criticisms and concerns

Doctor Virtualis welcomes and encourages criticism and debate.

5.1 Ensuring integrity of the published record - corrections

When genuine errors in works published on Doctor Virtualis are pointed out by readers, authors, or editors, which do not render the work invalid, a correction (or erratum) will be published as soon as possible. The paper will be corrected with a date of correction. If the error renders the work or substantial parts of it invalid, the paper will be retracted with an explanation as to the reason for retraction (i.e., honest error). Retracted papers will be retained online, and they will be prominently marked as a retraction in all online versions, including the PDF, for the benefit of future readers.

5.2 Ensuring the integrity of the published record – suspected research or publication misconduct

If serious concerns are raised by readers, reviewers, or others, about the conduct, validity, or reporting of works published on Doctor Virtualis, the editors of the journal will initially contact the authors and allow them to respond to the concerns. If that response is unsatisfactory, editors will take the matter to the appropriate institutional level. The editors of Doctor Virtualis will also do their best to respond to findings from research integrity organisations that indicate misconduct relating to works published on Doctor Virtualis. Editors can themselves decide to retract a paper if they are convinced that serious misconduct has happened even if an investigation by an institution or national body does not recommend it. Editors will respond to all allegations or suspicions of research or publication misconduct raised by readers, reviewers, or other editors. In general, they acknowledge collective responsibility for the research record of the journal and will act whenever they become aware of potential misconduct if at all possible.

5.3 Encourage scholarly debate

Doctor Virtualis welcomes readers’ criticisms to works published by the journal and will consider publishing them to foster scientific debate, as long as they are proposed in a timely manner. The authors of the original works will be given the opportunity to reply to further promote the debate. Any criticisms that raise the possibility of misconduct will be further investigated even if they are received a long time after publication.

6. Ensuring a fair and appropriate peer review process

Doctor Virtualis’ editors organize and use peer review fairly and wisely. The peer review processes is clearly explained in the information for authors' page on the journal's website, where it is also indicated which parts of the journal are peer reviewed.

6.1 Decision whether to review

Doctor Virtualis’ editors may reject a paper without peer review when it is deemed unsuitable for the journal’s readers or is of poor quality. This decision is made in a fair and unbiased way and the criteria used to make this decision are made explicit to the author. The decision not to send a paper for peer review is only based on the academic content of the paper, and it is not influenced by the nature of the authors or their host institution.

6.2 Interaction with peer reviewers

Doctor Virtualis’ editors use appropriate peer reviewers for papers that are considered for publication by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding those with conflicts of interest. Doctor Virtualis’ editors ensure that reviews are received in a timely manner. Peer reviewers are told what is expected of them and are informed about any changes in editorial policies. Peer reviewers are asked to assess research and publication ethics issues (i.e., whether they think the research was done and reported ethically, or if they

have any suspicions of plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, or redundant publication). Doctor Virtualis’ editors have a policy to request a formal conflict of interest declaration from peer reviewers and ask peer reviewers to inform them about any such conflict of interest at the earliest opportunity so that they can make a decision on whether an unbiased review is possible. Certain conflicts of interest may disqualify a peer reviewer.

Doctor Virtualis’ editors stress confidentiality of the material to peer reviewers.

6.3 Reviewer misconduct

Doctor Virtualis’ editors take reviewer misconduct seriously and pursue any allegation of breach of confidentiality, non-declaration of conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), inappropriate use of confidential material, or delay of peer review for competitive advantage. Allegations of serious reviewer misconduct, such as plagiarism, are taken to the institutional level.

6.4 Interaction with authors

Doctor Virtualis’ editors make it clear to authors that the role of the peer reviewer is to provide recommendations on acceptance or rejection. Correspondence from editors is usually with the corresponding author, who have the responsibility to involve co-authors at all stages. Doctor Virtualis’ editors communicate with all authors at first submission and at final acceptance stage to ensure all authors are aware of the submission and have approved the publication. Normally, Doctor Virtualis’ editors pass on all peer reviewers’ comments in their entirety. However, in exceptional cases, it may be necessary to exclude parts of a review, if it, for example, contains libellous or offensive remarks.

Doctor Virtualis’ editors guarantee that such editorial discretion is not inappropriately used to suppress inconvenient comments. Should there be good reasons to involve additional reviewers at a late stage in the process, it is clearly communicated to authors. The final editorial decision and reasons for this are clearly communicated to authors and reviewers. If a paper is rejected, Doctor Virtualis’ editors welcome appeals from authors. Editors, however, are not obliged to overturn their decision.

7. Editorial decision-making

Doctor Virtualis’ editors guarantee that decisions on publications are as fair and unbiased as possible.

8.1 Editorial and journal processes

All editorial processes are made clear in the information for authors on the journal's webpage, where it is stated what is expected of authors, which types of papers are published, and how papers are handled by the journal. All editors are fully familiar with the journal policies, vision, and scope. The final responsibility for all decisions rests with the managing editor.

7.2 Editorial conflicts of interest

Doctor Virtualis’ editors are not involved in decisions about papers in which they have a conflict of interest, for example if they work or have worked in the same institution and collaborated with the authors, if they own stock in a particular company, or if they have a personal relationship with the authors. Doctor Virtualis has a process in place to handle papers submitted by editors or editorial board members to ensure unbiased and independent handling of such papers. This process is stated in the information for authors.


Archiviazione digitale

L'Università degli Studi di Milano ha un accordo di archiviazione con le Biblioteche Nazionali Centrali di Firenze e Roma nell'ambito del progetto nazionale Magazzini Digitali

La rivista ha attivato il servizio PKP PN (Preservation Network) per conservare i contenuti digitali attraverso il loro trasferimento al progetto LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe).

Misure antiplagio

Gli editor hanno il compito di agire tempestivamente in caso di errori e comportamenti scorretti, accertati o presunti, sia nei confronti dei contributi pubblicati che di quelli ancora da pubblicare. In caso di errori, pubblicazione fraudolenta o plagio, negli articoli pubblicati o durante il processo di pubblicazione, verranno prese le misure appropriate, seguendo le raccomandazioni e le linee guida di di COPE. Le correzioni avverranno con il dovuto risalto, inclusa la pubblicazione di un erratum (errori nel processo di pubblicazione), rettifica (errori degli autori) o, nei casi più gravi, il ritiro del lavoro interessato. I documenti ritirati verranno conservati online e saranno contrassegnati in modo ben visibile come ritrattazione in tutte le versioni online, incluso il PDF, a garanzia di trasparenza verso i lettori.