Articles

DEPOSITIONAL ARCHITECTURE, FACIES CHARACTER AND GEOCHEMICAL SIGNATURE OF THE TIVOLI TRAVERTINES (PLEISTOCENE, ACQUE ALBULE BASIN, CENTRAL ITALY)

GIOVANNA DELLA PORTA, ANDREA CROCI, MATTIA MARINI, SANDOR KELE

Abstract


Facies character, diagenesis, geochemical signature, porosity, permeability, and geometry of the upper Pleistocene Tivoli travertines were investigated integrating information from six borehole cores, drilled along a 3 km N-S transect, and quarry faces, in order to propose a revised depositional model. Travertines overlie lacustrine and alluvial plain marls, siltstones, sandstones and pyroclastic deposits from the Roman volcanic districts. In the northern proximal area, with respect to the inferred hydrothermal vents, travertines accumulated in gently-dipping, decametre-scale shallow pools of low-angle terraced slopes. The intermediate depositional zone, 2 km southward, consisted of smooth and terraced slopes dipping S and E. In the southernmost distal zone, travertine marshes dominated by coated vegetation and Charophytes interfingered with lacustrine siltstones and fluvial sandstones and conglomerates. Travertine carbon and oxygen stable isotope data confirm the geothermal origin of the precipitating spring water. The travertine succession is marked by numerous intraclastic/extraclastic wackestone to rudstone beds indicative of non-deposition and erosion during subaerial exposure, due to temporary interruption of the vent activity or deviation of the thermal water flow. These unconformities identify nine superimposed travertine units characterized by aggradation in the proximal zone and southward progradation in the intermediate to distal zones. The wedge geometry of the travertine system reflects the vertical and lateral superimposition of individual fan-shaped units in response to changes in the vent location, shifting through time to lower elevations southward. The complexity of the travertine architecture results from the intermittent activity of the vents, their locations, the topographic gradient, thermal water flow paths and the rates and modes of carbonate precipitation.


Keywords

travertine; Pleistocene; Tivoli; facies; depositional architecture; stable isotope geochemistry.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.13130/2039-4942/9148

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/urn%3Anbn%3Ait%3Aunimi-21703

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.