La "towel bath" può ridurre l'aggressività in pazienti affetti da demenza? Risultati di un trial crossover

Autori

  • Giada Cocciolo LMU Klinikum Grosshadern, Munich, Germania
  • Lara Carelli ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6945-4877
  • Laura DiPrisco ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1355-2480
  • Paolo Ferrara ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5366-4132
  • Mauro Parozzi ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4164-2790
  • Giancarlo Celeri ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano
  • Elena Sala ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano
  • Agostino D'Antuono ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano
  • Stefano Terzoni ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano
  • Roberta Lodini ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milano

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54103/dn/17511

Parole chiave:

demenza, towel bath, nursing, aggressività

Abstract

INTRODUZIONE:
Il bagno è una delle attività più intime durante le quali le persone affette da demenza vengono assistite. La letteratura suggerisce che il 20-40% dei pazienti con deterioramento cognitivo, ricoverati in strutture a lungo termine, può reagire con comportamenti aggressivi.

OBIETTIVI:
valutare l'efficacia della tecnica del bagno con asciugamano nel ridurre l'agitazione, l'aggressività e il disagio dei pazienti con demenza ricoverati in casa di cura.

MATERIALI E METODI:
È stato condotto uno studio crossover intenzionale; è stato arruolato un campione di pazienti con demenza. I comportamenti aggressivi sono stati valutati utilizzando la versione italiana del Care Recipient Behavior Assessment (CAREBA- ita).

RISULTATI:
Sono stati arruolati 71 residenti. La tecnica del bagno con l'asciugamano ha mostrato una riduzione degli episodi di aggressività e del tempo di esecuzione della procedura con una differenza statisticamente significativa (p < 0,05).

CONCLUSIONI:
La tecnica Towel bath fornisce una valida alternativa al bagno tradizionale per ridurre l'aggressività nei pazienti con demenza.

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Pubblicato

2022-07-29 — Aggiornato il 2022-08-01

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Come citare

Cocciolo, G., Carelli, L., DiPrisco, L., Ferrara, P., Parozzi, M., Celeri, G., Sala, E., D’Antuono, A., Terzoni, S., & Lodini, R. (2022). La "towel bath" può ridurre l’aggressività in pazienti affetti da demenza? Risultati di un trial crossover. Dissertation Nursing, 1(1), 64–77. https://doi.org/10.54103/dn/17511 (Original work published 29 luglio 2022)